Preparation for NEET Physics- Syllabus and Chapter-Wise Weightage NEET

NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test is a medical entrance test for candidates who want to pursue a career in the medical field. This test is conducted every year by the National Testing Agency, also known as NTA. The Medical Council of India decides the syllabus for NEET. Since we have different state boards in India apart from NCERT, CBSE, etc., the Medical Council of India considers all these and designs the syllabus of NEET. 

If you are preparing for NEET, it is important to understand the syllabus for the same. NEET is considered one of the toughest competitive exams. Understanding the syllabus will lead to a well-planned strategy to clear the exam. The syllabus consists of three subjects Physics, Chemistry and Biology. 

The topics covered in these three subjects in Class 11 and class are a part of the test. So, before understanding how to prepare for NEET Physics, we need to know about the exam structure. 

Structure of NEET Exam

NEET exam has a total of 180 multiple-choice questions (MCQ), which need to be done by the candidates in three hours. Every right answer will fetch 4 marks, and a wrong answer will result in a negative marking of 1 mark. The structure of the NEET exam is as follows:

Subject Section Number of questions
Physics A 35
B 15 (Attempt any 10 questions out of 15)
Chemistry A 35
B 15 (Attempt any 10 questions out of 15)
Biology  Zoology A 35
B 15 (Attempt any 10 questions out of 15)
Botany A 35
B 15 (Attempt any 10 questions out of 15)

How to prepare for the NEET Physics Exam?

Let us understand the structure and pattern to prepare for NEET Physics.

NEET Exam Pattern-Physics

The physics section of the NEET exam is of a total of 180 marks. The exam is further divided into two sections, A and B. In section A, there are 35 questions, and in section B, there are 15 questions. In section B, the candidate has to attempt at least 10 questions out of 15 questions. 

All questions are multiple-choice questions and carry 4 marks each. The exam has negative marking so that each wrong question will lead to a deduction of 1 mark. If the candidate does not attempt any question, nothing will be marked for such a question.

NEET Physics Exam structure:

  • Section A-35 questions
  • Section B-15 questions, out of which the candidate can attempt 10 questions. 

NEET Physics-Syllabus

Good scores in the Physics section will lead to a better rank in the test and Chemistry and Biology scores. Physics can be a challenging subject for some candidates as it involves a lot of numerical problems. 

Subjects like Mathematics or Physics, which involve numbers and equations, can be a little trickier. The students should understand the syllabus and the weightage of different topics covered in the NEET exam to make it easy.

Since the syllabus consists of class 11 and class 12 topics, the test is divided into topics. The topics for Class 11 are:

  • The motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body
  • Thermodynamics
  • Physical-world and measurement
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Laws of Motion
  • Kinematics
  • Gravitation
  • Oscillations and Waves
  • Properties of Bulk Matter
  • The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory

The topics for Class 12 are:

  • Optics
  • Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism
  • Electromagnetic Waves
  • Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation
  • Electrostatics
  • Electronic Devices
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents
  • Atoms and Nuclei
  • Current Electricity

NEET Physics-Weightage of chapters

Knowledge of the NEET exam patterns is very important to get higher scores. Since the objective of this exam is to get the best of the students, simply memorizing the concept will not help the aspirant in the Physics exam. 

Physics can be a scoring subject if the aspirant understands the practical part of Physics. The candidate should understand the topic first and then practice the numerical part of it.

The weightage to different chapters is given as per the patterns of previous years’ exams. The entire Physics exam is divided into six sections which are:

  • Mechanics
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • Electrostatics & Magnetism Electrostatics
  • Current Electricity Electromagnetic Induction
  • Optics & Modern Physics
  • SHM & Wave

The expected distribution of questions as per the chapters mentioned above can be as follows:

Chapters Expected number of questions
Mechanics 15
Heat and Thermodynamics 5
Electrostatics & Magnetism 14
Current Electricity Electromagnetic Induction 8
Optics & Modern Physics   4
SHM & Wave 4

An aspirant can prepare the chapters according to the expected number of questions and score more in the NEET exam. These chapters are further divided into different sections, and a topic-wise weightage can be assigned to these different topics from the class 11 and class 12 syllabus. 

These weights have been given as per the NEET exams in the previous years.

The topic-wise weightage for Class 11 is:

Topic Topic-wise weightage
The motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body 5%
Thermodynamics 9%
Physical-world and measurement 2%
Work, Energy and Power 4%
Laws of Motion 3%
Kinematics 3%
Gravitation 2%
Oscillations and Waves 3%
Properties of Bulk Matter 3%
The behaviour of Perfect Gas and Kinetic Theory 3%

The topic-wise weightage for Class 12 is:

Topic Topic-wise weightage
Optics 10%
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism 5%
Electromagnetic Waves 5%
Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation 6%
Electrostatics 9%
Electronic Devices 9%
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents 8%
Atoms and Nuclei 3%
Current Electricity 8%

Approaches of preparation for NEET Physics exam 

Unlike Chemistry and Biology, Physics has numerical problems also. So, only memorizing the concepts will not be helpful. The candidates should be able to use the concepts and solve practical problems. 

Remember, Physics is a scoring subject and takes a little more time to prepare than Biology and Chemistry. The following tips will be useful for the preparation for the NEET Physics exam:

  • Memorising the formulas
  • Solve the practical problems
  • Speed
  • Maintain a schedule
  • Clarity of concepts
  • Practice previous years’ exams and mock test papers


Referring to the above-mentioned topic-wise weightage will help the aspirants to prepare for high scoring chapters. Prepare accordingly to ace the exam.