What are Mineral Rights and why are They Important

The world is usually more focused on property, human, and civil rights, but only a few know about mineral rights and why they are important. If you own a piece of land, you need to understand the value of mineral rights. Not only this, but if you are an investor who’s looking for an opportunity, mineral rights are something you should know. There are countries where all mineral resources belong to the government. However, some countries allow individuals to buy mineral rights. Here’s what you need to know about mineral rights;

What Are Mineral Rights?

They are a kind of ownership rights to minerals that are below the ground such as metal, ores, and fossil fuels, which include coal, natural gas, and oil, that seem to be highly valuable in the 21st century. It’s the right to extract minerals from the ground and get payments accordingly. However, the meaning of minerals depends on the context. There are also non-metallic minerals underground such as limestone, building stone, and salt as well. There is a clear distinction between mineral and surface rights. When the owner has the right to use the surface of the land for agriculture, residential, or commercial purposes, it is known as surface rights. However, mineral rights allow the owner to look for minerals below the surface of the land. The value of mineral rights is different in every state of America. Yet, investors are usually more focused on mineral rights Oklahoma in the past few years.

Types of Mineral Rights

There was a time when people used to own everything above and below their land. However, things have changed as the human population has evolved. Here are a few types of mineral rights that you must know;

Surface Rights

The rights given to own the minerals on the surface are known as surface rights, it has nothing to do with the minerals below the land. You can have minerals that are above the surface only. It is one of the most common types of mineral rights around the world.

Mineral Interests

Numerous types of mineral interests allow an individual to own the minerals that are below the surface of the earth. If you have the ownership of subsurface rights, you will be entitled to shut-in payments, royalties, and leases. The royalties paid by the oil and gas company to the lessor to foster the lease where mineral assets are still unproductive are often known as shut-in payments in the oil and gas industry.

Oil and Gas Rights

There’s no denying the fact that the fluidity of oil is one of the main reasons that it can flow from one’s own portion of land to another and can create chaos if oil and gas rights didn’t exist. If you have oil and gas rights, no matter if the fluid flows from your land to your neighboring area, you can extract oil as is known as the rule of capture. If you have the mineral right to drill the oil from a property, you can even capture the oil from neighboring properties from that well you’ll be drilling.

Royalty Rights

It’s the right of the investor who is entitled to receive royalty payments on the mineral rights they have invested in. When the minerals are produced from the leased property, the owner gets a share of the income, this is the reason many investors are focused on the potential of mineral rights, it can be beneficial if investments are made in the right area at the right time.

How Do Mineral Rights Work?

The estate is the term used to refer to a property’s surface and mineral rights in legal terms. If an owner has both surface and mineral rights of a property, it is known as a unified estate as both rights are unified under one owner, making it highly valuable. If an individual has gas, oil, or any other minerals underground, the mineral rights can become extremely valuable as the rights can be sold to another party for a great deal. Not everyone can extract the minerals from the ground, there are big oil and gas companies that are known for doing the drills. If you have got the machinery and budget to extract the minerals from the ground, it can turn out to be a good investment too. However, there are several laws and keen information regarding the art to mine ore and drilling for oil which demands expertise in the field.


It’s important to get a geological property survey of your land to understand the worth of your property in terms of minerals. You can hire specialists to get an in-depth survey of your land. However, you need to know the right time and price to sell or buy any mineral rights, may it be oil, gas, gypsum, or even metals.