Blockchain Technology: A Detailed Guide

Blockchain sounds complex and can certainly be so, but the basic principle is very clear, it is a database form. It allows learning what a database really is, to be sure to learn blockchain. A database is a knowledge gathering that is processed on a database server digitally. Data or information is normally arranged in tabular shape in databases to enable the search and filtering for relevant information. How does a person differ from using a table to preserve information and not a database?

Spreadsheets are built to save and manage restricted quantities of information for one individual or a specific number of individuals. A database, on the other hand, is structured to house considerably more information and can be used by multiple people instantly and conveniently accessed, analysed, and manipulated. This is done by large databases by hosting system files that consist of super machines. These system files can also be designed using hundreds or thousands of machines so that multiple users can concurrently access the database by using computing power and storage space. While a table or database is open to a lot of users, the table is mostly owned and controlled by a designated person, who determines entirely how it functions and the details it holds. has some amazing stuff you need to read about bitcoins.

Storage Structure:

The way data are organized is a big differential between a conventional database and a blockchain. A blockchain gathers data in clusters, also called blocks, which contain information packs. Blocks have specific storage space and are linked to a pre-filled block creating a chain of data known as the “blockchain,” after which all the new data is loaded into the newly-found block and only applied to the chain until it is filled. A database is arranged in tabular form, but a blockchain, as the name suggests, is assembled into chunks. It implies that all blockchains are databases, although not every database is blockchain. This system often generates, when applied in decentralized form, an irreversible data sequence. The stone is put as a block is completed and becomes part of this sequence. When it is attached to the chain, each block of the chain is offered a specific timing.


It is informative to see how blockchain is applied for Bitcoin in order to grasp blockchain. Like a database, Bitcoin has to keep a blockchain on a computer set. For Bitcoin, this blockchain is a specific form of database, which records all Bitcoin transactions. In the case of Bitcoin, and unlike most databases, such machines are not all operating on a single roof, and a single person or group of people runs each system or group of systems.

Just assume a corporation with a 10,000-disk server that keeps a directory of all the account records of their customer. This organization has storage of all these computers below one roof and has direct ownership of each computer, along with all the data in it. Likewise, Bitcoin comprises hundreds of computers, but each machine or group of systems that carry the blockchain is situated in another geographical place. That computer that forms the framework of Bitcoin is known as a node. Bitcoin network is featured in this model in a decentralized fashion. However, there are private, centralized blockchains, which own and run the computers in their network through a single individual. Each node has a full archive of records preserved since its launch in a blockchain. The data is the whole record of all Blockchain transactions with Bitcoin. If a node does have a fault in its results, the millions of other nodes can be used to fix it. Thus, no network node can adjust details inside the network. Therefore, the record of transactions in a Bitcoin block is permanent.

Pros of Blockchain:

  • Enhanced accuracy by eliminating individual intervention in checking
  • Reduced costs by removing validation by third parties
  • It is impossible to tamper with decentralization
  • Safe, personal, and productive transactions
  • Offers a banking option to safe personal details for nationals of unstable or developing nations

Cons of Blockchain:

  • The important expense of infrastructure for bitcoin mining
  • Low transfers a second
  • Background of illicit activity
  • Regulation
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